Mexican gray wolf with pups

Mexican gray wolf with pups.

APACHE COUNTY — The range war between wolves and humans continues in Arizona and New Mexico, according to the latest report from Arizona Game and Fish.

From January to June, eight wolves died or were killed, out of a documented 2018 population of 131; two of the deaths occurred in Arizona.

The wolf population grew by 12 percent between 2017 and 2018, but the mortalities in the first six months of this year wiped out many of those gains. Most of the deaths remain under investigation, but deliberate killing by humans played a big role. A least one of the wolves was killed by program managers because he’d kill cattle.

On the other hand, the wolf packs in Arizona, New Mexico and the Fort Apache Reservation have killed at least 88 livestock since January – most of them calves on the open range. A handful of those kills were cows. Twenty-six confirmed depredations occurred in Arizona, including one horse.

Studies show ranchers can dramatically reduce wolf kills if they keep the calves in secure enclosures for some months after birth, but most ranchers put the cows and calves on the open range until the fall roundup.

The most recent population study documented 32 wolf packs, plus seven wolves wandering alone – looking for a pack or a mate or unoccupied territory. In the past year, 18 packs had pups – and 16 packs had young that made it through their first year. A total of 81 pups were born and 47 survived their first year.

Their population has fluctuated, but hasn’t grown much in the past five years – in part due to continued, mostly unsolved shootings.

Only 79 of the wolves in the wild are radio-collared and easy to count and track. Of the total of 131 wolves, 64 were in Arizona and 67 in New Mexico. The wolves were reintroduced into the area in 1998.

The June status report detailed a whole series of conflicts between ranchers and the endangered wolves. The wolves killed 16 calves and cows in June alone.

The report detailed one encounter between a cowboy and a pack of wolves near Escudilla Mountain near Alpine. The cowboy was riding toward a herd of cattle accompanied by two ranch dogs. The dogs ran on ahead, then turned around and raced back to the cowboy – pursued by several wolves.

The cowboy charged the wolves on horseback. Once he got within 20 feet, the wolves scattered. The cowboy then spotted four other wolves chasing cattle, so he charged them and drove them away as well.

The wolves apparently belonged to the Elk Horn Pack, one of about 13 wolf packs in Arizona and the Fort Apache Reservation. The Elk Horn pack consisted of a breeding pair, plus a younger male and two younger females. It is one of the largest and best established packs.

One of the wolves from that pack was later found dead in New Mexico. The death is still under investigation.

The frequent shooting of the wolves — mostly by persons unknown — continually whittles away at the wolf population. Last year, wolf managers documented 21 wolf deaths.

In June, most of the packs in the wild were starting to show signs that they’re looking for dens to raise their pups.

About 280 wolves live in the captive breeding programs. Biologists are trying to boost reproduction in the wild population, since a wolf born in the wild is much more likely to survive than a wolf raised in captivity and then released.

The US Fish and Wildlife Service has in the past several years tried a new system that places wolf pups born in the captive breeding program into the dens of wild wolves. The wild wolves almost always moved their dens after the biologists smuggled in the new foster pups – but then generally raised the introduced pups as their own.

Last spring, biologists placed a total of eight foster pups in dens.

The foster pups have not only boosted the reproduction rate, they’ve also helped foster greater genetic diversity in the sometimes dangerously inbred wild wolves. All the Mexican grey wolves alive today are descended from the last seven of the species which were captured in the US and Mexico in 1977.

Biologists have also been leaving supplemental food caches near many of the wolves with pups – especially the foster families. They’re hoping the extra food will reduce the incidence of wolves preying on cattle, especially calves.

“The survey shows that cross-fostering – taking days-old pups born in captivity and placing them in packs in the wild – is bearing fruit,” said Game and Fish manager Jim deVos. “One of the key recovery criteria addresses the need for increasing genetic diversity within the wild population. Using the proven approach of cross-fostering, the Interagency Field Team documented survival of no fewer than three fostered pups from 2018 fostering events.”

The US Fish and Wildlife Service has a standing reward of $10,000 for information leading to conviction of someone who illegally kills and Mexican Grey Wolf. Conservation groups have offered additional rewards of up to $58,000.

If you have information on a wolf killing, call AZGFD Operation Game Theft at (800) 352-0700).

Peter Aleshire covers county government for the Independent. He is the former editor of the Payson Roundup. Reach him at paleshire@payson.com

Peter Aleshire covers county government for the Independent. He is the former editor of the Payson Roundup. Reach him at paleshire@payson.com

(13) comments

Russ_in_WML

What a waste of tens of millions of taxpayer dollars for a needless predator. Scrap the wolf.

Ridgerunner

A great example of the stupidity of Government squandering our tax dollars. in the name of science. What a joke! See a wolf in a zoo, where they don't kill livestock or threaten humans. [angry][angry][angry][angry]

sensible

[sad] Mankind should leave God's creatures alone.... God made this world for mankind to be the stewards NOT THE KILLERS we have become... what a sad state!!!!!

Ridgerunner

Said the person who built his house on an antpile… Think of the poor insects that you have misplaced!

RobFee03

If you really want to talk about a waste of our tax dollars, farm subsidies far surpass the money spent on wolves. The federal government spends more than $20 billion a year on subsidies for farm businesses. Talk about welfare ranchers. If they don't want to deal with predator predation they shouldn't be in the ranching business.

Russ_in_WML

Farm subsidies? Last time I checked we ate things from farms. Cant remember ever eating a wolf although we have "subsidized" 40+million dollars to a needless predator. A rancher can deal with predators such as bear, lion, coyote and they have done so for decades. Wolves decimate and destroy. Thats why they were culled out to begin with. Environmentalist liberal animal rights hacks are the only reason the wolf is back. There is no environmental, ecological, or economical need for the wolf.

Chris Edwards

Is it just me, but isn't this article slanted? First it states that the wolves were reintroduced, which means they weren't from there and then gives them the status of "endangered". Then it goes on to put bounties on those who shoot wolves. Wolves are predators that kill not only game in the wild, but also livestock and pose a threat to humans! USF&W can't control the wolves and should a human ever be attacked or God forbid killed and eaten by a reintroduced wolf, the blood is on the hands of USF&W. I think civil and criminal actions are legitimate in that event. Let's not lose focus here, humans are far more valuable than a pack of wolves.

ArizAl

I think that if Russ and all the republican extremists were truly worried about the spending of the taxpayer dollars , they would see that livestock producer's government subsidies and farm government subsidies are in the Billions of taxpayer dollars. Interestingly, when the government subsidizes a poor or middle working class family with a government safety net program, republicans call it "Big government socialism", however they are absolutely for "Big government socialism" when the taxpayer's money goes to subsidize wealthy ranchers and farmers. Moreover, ranchers and farmers with livestock are compensated for the loss of any cow killed by a wolf.

2rusty

Russ and Ridgerunner...Thank you for mentioning the millions and millions of dollars being spent on this. The ranchers should be able to manage their herds as they see fit and not have to pen up the calves for heaven's sake! What a bunch of pantywaists we've become.

xpdsniper

Non native cattle are the invasive species. Archaic laws protect the ranchers privilege to your PRIVATE property that is taxed far higher than rangeland. I'd rather risk damage to my property by a wolf than by cattle running roughshod in our private subdivision. When can I shoot them?

Russ_in_WML

Open range put up a fence


che guevara

2rusty ; the welfare ranchers have managed their herds " as they see fit " , and predominantly on public lands at that , resulting in continued devastation to the environment , especially to the fragile riparian ecosystems throughout the southwest which are critical to aquatic , bird and animal life . All of this shameful ecologic destruction has raged so that a very small minority of people can make a buck at the public's continued expense . This old territorial mindset needs to go - ASAP , as we are squarely in the 21st century where sensible environmental stewardship should be a top priority . A few days ago I was fly fishing on what would have otherwise been a pristine mountain creek , however the invasive species of bovine creatures roaming the area left piles of waste and fetid puddles of urine everywhere , and continue in an unmitigated and highly unmanaged fashion to trample upon and further destroy the fragile stream banks and vegetation . Not to mention the miles upon miles of barbed wire fencing strung across the region . What ever happened to the old cowboy lament of " don't fence me in ". The welfare ranchers are the real crybabies and " pantywaists " in this issue as they have had their way with public lands for far - far too long . Fortunately , this lopsidedness is changing on a number of different fronts as public awareness of the issue and the sense of shrinking wilderness around us has firmly taken root in the consciousness of an increasing number of people . I not only support the repatriation of the Mexican Grey Wolves , but I am also hopeful that the repatriation of the Jaguar to Arizona will result in much more stable and fecund populations of these magnificent creatures , including in the White Mountains where the Jaguar was once a thriving species . While we're at it , we should also repatriate another native species , the Grizzly Bear , back to Arizona as well , and begin to eliminate and/or reduce the invasive , destructive species like cattle ..... and too many people . xpdsniper ; good comments ! Russ ; what could possibly be said - par for the course .


Ridgerunner

Said the chubby man who just ate a hamburger :)


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